Tripogonella loliiformis (F.Muell.) P.M.Peterson & Romasch.

Rye Beetle-grass

Taxon 65 (6): 1278 (2016)

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:Victoria: rare (r)

A small, tufted annual or perennial to 35 cm (but often less than 15 cm high). Leaves sprinkled with fine hairs, or rarely, glabrous; sheath pale; blade closely folded to inrolled, to 5 cm long and 1.5 mm wide when flattened out; ligule ciliate at apex, c. 0.5 mm long. Inflorescence a very slender spike. Spikelets 6–14-flowered, 3–12 mm long, shallowly recessed, remaining erect, the lower ones often rather distant, the upper often overlapping, mostly purplish; glumes obtuse, the lower 1.5–2.2 mm, the upper 2.5–3.5 mm long; lemma ovate, 2–2.5 mm long (excluding awn), obtuse, notched at apex with the midvein exserted as an awn arising from the base of the notch and exceeding lemma by up to 1.5 mm, callus with a dense tuft of silky hairs c. 1 mm long. Flowers most of year, mainly Oct.–Mar.

CVU, EGU, Gold, GGr, MuF, MSB, NIS, VRiv, VVP. All mainland states. An uncommon grass of scattered occurrence through drier areas of the state (e.g. Mt Arapiles, basalt plains just west of Melbourne, Strathbogie Ranges, Killawarra Forest near Wangaratta, Beechworth, Suggan Buggan). Usually occurring on shallow soils overlying rock.

One of few 'resurrection plants' native to Victoria. The dry, apparently lifeless foliage has the capacity to rehydrate and become green following substantial rains.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1994). Poaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne (as Tripogon loliiformis (F.Muell.) C.E.Hubb.).
Updated by: Neville Walsh, 2017-03-27
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Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Tripogonella loliiformis in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Tripogonella loliiformis in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Murray Scroll Belt present native
Murray Fans present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native