Solanum mauritianum Scop.

Tobacco-bush

Delic. Fl. Faun. Insubr. 3: 16, t. 8 (1788) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Shrub or small tree to 4 m high, green or grey-green, densely pubescent with stellate hairs; hairs loose and tufted on young growth; prickles absent. Leaves elliptic, 9–30 cm long, 3.5–14 cm wide, slightly discolorous, apex acuminate, base cuneate, margins entire to slightly undulate, upper surface green and sparsely pubescent, lower surface grey-tomentose; petiole 3–9 cm long, often with 1 or 2 small sessile leaflets in axil. Inflorescences branched many-flowered corymbs; primary peduncle 3–15 cm long. Flowers on pedicels 2–3 mm long; calyx 4–6 mm long, lobes triangular, 1.5–3 mm long, enlarging slightly in fruit; corolla stellate, 15–25 mm diam., violet; anthers 2–3 mm long. Berry globose, 10–15 mm diam., dull yellow, pubescent, glabrescent with age; seeds 1.5–2 mm long, light brown or yellowish. Flowers autumn–spring.

*EGL, *GipP, *HSF, *Strz, *VRiv, *VVP. Also naturalised SA, Qld, NSW. Native to South America. Becoming increasingly common as a weed of gullies and other moist sites in both disturbed and intact native vegetation (e.g. Leongatha, suburban Melbourne, Stratford, Warburton).

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Solanaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-06-18
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Solanales
family Solanaceae
genus Solanum
Higher taxa

Victoria

Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Solanum mauritianum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Solanum mauritianum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present introduced
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
State
South Australia
Queensland
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory
Victoria
Tasmania