Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Shrubs, climbers, herbs or rarely small trees, often epiphytic; sometimes tuberous or with scaly rhizomes. Leaves usually opposite, often 1 of the pair smaller and stipule-like, sometimes whorled, rarely alternate, simple, entire or toothed, sometimes fleshy; stipules absent. Inflorescence axillary, cymose, racemose or flowers solitary. Flowers usually zygomorphic, bisexual; sepals 5, free or fused into a 5-lobed tube, sometimes fused to ovary; petals 5, usually fused basally to form a tube, often more or less 2-lipped or with an oblique limb; stamens usually 2 or 4, in 2 pairs, 1 pair longer than the other; anthers in coherent pairs, 2-celled, opening by longitudinal slits; disc annular, cupular and 1-sided or reduced to 5 discrete glands inserted around base of ovary; ovary superior to inferior, usually 1-celled, ovules many, borne on 2 parietal placentas, style simple, stigma capitate or lobed. Fruit a loculicidal, rarely septicidal, capsule or a fleshy berry; seeds many, variously ribbed or striated or with hair-like appendages, little endosperm present.

About 120 genera with c. 2500 species, chiefly in tropical and subtropical regions but extending to temperate regions; 5 genera in Australia.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Gesneriaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Lamiales
Higher taxa
family Gesneriaceae
Subordinate taxa
genus Fieldia