Euphorbia maculata L.


Sp. Pl. 455 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Prostrate to ascending annual herb, pubescent; stems to c. 45 cm long, branched, often reddish. Leaves opposite, ovate-oblong to oblong, mostly 2–13 mm long, 0.5–4 mm wide, apex obtuse or subacute, base obliquely truncate, margins minutely serrate to entire, upper surface sparsely pubescent, lower surface more densely pubescent, often bearing a central purplish blotch and tinted with red; petioles 0.5–2 mm long; stipules triangular-subulate, to c. 1 mm long. Cyathia usually few, in uppermost axils or terminal on short branchlets; peduncles to c. 1 mm long; involucre conical, to c. 1 mm long; glands lunate, c. 0.2 mm long, with 3-lobed purplish appendages; female flowers with styles shortly bilobed. Capsule subglobose, 1–1.5 mm long and wide, keeled, smooth, pubescent to glabrescent; seeds more or less ovoid, c. 1 mm long, reticulate, apiculate, white, grey or brownish, caruncle absent. Flowers summer and autumn.

*CVU, *GipP, *Gold, *HNF, *HSF, *MuF, *VRiv, *VVP. Also naturalised WA, NT, SA, Qld, NSW, ACT. Native to North America. A garden weed often found growing in lawns, cracks of paths and on bare ground.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Euphorbiaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-06-18
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Malpighiales
family Euphorbiaceae
genus Euphorbia
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Euphorbia maculata in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Euphorbia maculata in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present introduced
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory