Cynara cardunculus subsp. flavescens Wiklund

Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 109: 120 (1992) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Stout herb to 2 m high; stems branched, striate, sparsely cobwebbed. Leaves greyish-green, sparsely cobwebbed above, whitish and densely cobwebbed below; basal leaves lanceolate to ovate in outline, to 90 cm long and 30 cm wide, pinnatisect with pinnatifid segments, each spine-tipped, petiolate; cauline leaves similar but smaller, ultimately sessile. Capitula 4–10 cm diam.; peduncles 1–6 cm long; involucral bracts lanceolate to elliptic, glabrous, often purplish; outer involucral bracts with an erect or spreading apical spine; inner involucral bracts with an ovate, often mucronate apical appendage. Florets blue to purplish or white. Cypselas 6–8 mm long, 4-sided, shiny, brown or black with longitudinal streaks; pappus 2.5–4 cm long. Flowers Nov.–Feb.

*CVU, *DunT, *GipP, *Gold, *HNF, *HSF, *MuF, *MuM, *OtP, *VRiv, *VVP. Also naturalised WA, SA, Qld, NSW, Tas. Scattered mainly through central Victoria, particularly common on clay soils of the Volcanic Plain where abundant on roadsides, wasteland and poorer pastures. Declared a noxious weed in Victoria.

The Globe Artichoke (Cynara scolymus L.) is probably derived (through human selection) from non-spinose forms of C. cardunculus. It has been used as a food plant since pre-Roman times.

Created by: Andre Messina, 2016-11-15
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-02-23
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Asterales
family Asteraceae
genus Cynara
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Cynara cardunculus subsp. flavescens in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Cynara cardunculus subsp. flavescens in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory