Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 109: 120 (1992) APNI
Stout herb to 2 m high; stems branched, striate, sparsely cobwebbed. Leaves greyish-green, sparsely cobwebbed above, whitish and densely cobwebbed below; basal leaves lanceolate to ovate in outline, to 90 cm long and 30 cm wide, pinnatisect with pinnatifid segments, each spine-tipped, petiolate; cauline leaves similar but smaller, ultimately sessile. Capitula 4–10 cm diam.; peduncles 1–6 cm long; involucral bracts lanceolate to elliptic, glabrous, often purplish; outer involucral bracts with an erect or spreading apical spine; inner involucral bracts with an ovate, often mucronate apical appendage. Florets blue to purplish or white. Cypselas 6–8 mm long, 4-sided, shiny, brown or black with longitudinal streaks; pappus 2.5–4 cm long. Flowers Nov.–Feb.
*CVU, *DunT, *GipP, *Gold, *HNF, *HSF, *MuF, *MuM, *OtP, *VRiv, *VVP. Also naturalised WA, SA, Qld, NSW, Tas. Scattered mainly through central Victoria, particularly common on clay soils of the Volcanic Plain where abundant on roadsides, wasteland and poorer pastures. Declared a noxious weed in Victoria.
The Globe Artichoke (Cynara scolymus L.) is probably derived (through human selection) from non-spinose forms of C. cardunculus. It has been used as a food plant since pre-Roman times.
|Bioregion||Occurrence status||Establishment means|
|Victorian Volcanic Plain||present||naturalised|
|Central Victorian Uplands||present||naturalised|
|New South Wales|
|Australian Capital Territory|