Gentianaceae

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Annual, biennial or perennial herbs. Leaves opposite (in Australia), entire; stipules absent. Inflorescence cymose, or of 1–several dichasia, sometimes reduced to a single flower. Flowers regular, bisexual, 4–9-merous; calyx c. tubular to funnel-shaped, shallowly to deeply lobed; corolla rotate, cup-shaped, funnel-shaped, campanulate or tubular; stamens as many as and alternating with corolla-lobes, fused with corolla to some degree, anthers longitudinally dehiscent; nectary disc or discrete nectaries usually present; ovary superior, 1- or 2-locular, 2-carpellate; ovules numerous; style usually bifid (each arm sometimes again divided), often deciduous. Fruit a septicidal capsule; seeds numerous.

An almost cosmopolitan family of c. 80 genera and c. 920 species; 6 genera (2 naturalized) and c. 27 species in Australia.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1999). Gentianaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
 
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life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Gentianales
Higher taxa
family Gentianaceae
Subordinate taxa
genus Blackstonia
genus Centaurium
genus Cicendia
genus Gentianella
genus Schenkia
genus Sebaea