Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Introduced

Annual or biennial, glabrous herbs. Leaves sessile, sometimes rosetted at base. Inflorescence a dichasium or monochasium. Calyx narrowly (4–)5-lobed for at least half its length; corolla-lobes (4–)5, spreading above a narrow tube; stamens shortly exceeding corolla-tube, partly adnate to tube near base, anthers strongly twisted after dehiscence; ovary cylindric, 1-locular (but often appearing 2-locular due to thickened septa), style slightly bifid, stigma lobes reniform to shoe-shaped, fleshy. Capsule linear, septicidal, initially opening terminally, remaining enveloped in withered corolla; seeds numerous, small, reticulate.

About 20 species from Eurasia; 4 species in Australia, all of which are naturalised.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1999). Gentianaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2021-01-03
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