Centaurium erythraea Rafn

Common Centaury

Danm. Holst. Fl. 2: 75 (1800) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Erect biennial, or rarely annual, 2–50 cm high. Main stem(s) with (3–)5–9 internodes below lower-most branch. Basal leaves usually rosetted, obovate to spathulate, 10–50 mm long, 8–20 mm wide, usually obtuse; stem leaves narrower and smaller, often acute. Inflorescence typically a rather dense, corymbose dichasium. Calyx-lobes c. 4 mm long; corolla usually pale rose-pink, tube 7–8 mm long, lobes 5–6 mm long; anthers 1.6–2 mm long; ovary 6–8 mm long. Capsule c. 6–8 mm long; seeds c. 0.4 mm long, 0.3 mm wide, reticulate, reddish-brown. Flowers mostly Oct.–Feb.

*Brid, *CVU, *DunT, *EGL, *EGU, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *GGr, *HFE, *HNF, *HSF, *LoM, *MonT, *MuF, *MuM, *NIS, *OtP, *OtR, *RobP, *SnM, *Strz, *VAlp, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP, *WPro, *Wim. Naturalized all States except NT. Native to Europe and western Asia. Except for the far north, north-west and heavy soils of the volcanic plain, a common and widespread weed of gardens, roadsides and bushland near cities and towns.

Native to Europe and western Asia.

When occurring with Centaurium tenuiflorum, plants of intermediate morphology (and probably of hybrid origin) are sometimes encountered.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1999). Gentianaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2017-12-07
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Gentianales
family Gentianaceae
genus Centaurium
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Centaurium erythraea in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Centaurium erythraea in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present naturalised
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Wimmera present naturalised
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Bridgewater present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Robinvale Plains present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Greater Grampians present naturalised
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present naturalised
East Gippsland Uplands present naturalised
Wilsons Promontory present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Otway Ranges present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present naturalised
Monaro Tablelands present naturalised
Highlands-Far East present naturalised
Victorian Alps present naturalised
Snowy Mountains present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory