Centaurium maritimum (L.) Fritsch ex Janch.

Sea Centaury

Mitt. Naturwiss. Vereins Univ. Wien 5: 97 (1907) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Erect annual or biennial, 6–25 cm high, simple or little-branched, usually with only 2–5 nodes below inflorescence. Basal leaves not rosetted, usually absent at flowering; stem leaves ovate to obovate, 4–25 mm long, 3–10 mm wide, obtuse to acute. Inflorescence a few-flowered dichasium (sometimes reduced to a single flower). Pedicels 3–15 mm long; calyx-lobes 10–15 mm long; corolla yellow, tube 10–20 mm long, lobes 3.5–6 mm long; anthers 1–1.5 mm long; ovary 8–12 mm long. Capsule c. 10–16 mm long; seeds c. 0.2–0.3 mm diam., reticulate, reddish-brown to blackish. Flowers Oct.–Dec.

*CVU, *DunT, *GipP, *Gold, *GGr, *VVP, *Wim. Also naturalised ?WA, SA. Native to western Europe and the Mediterranean region. Rare in Victoria where known by only a few collections. Usually coastal but occasional in dryish inland sites (e.g. Stawell area, You Yangs, Bairnsdale).

Native to western Europe and the Mediterranean region.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1999). Gentianaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Jeff Jeanes, 2015-07-31
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Gentianales
family Gentianaceae
genus Centaurium
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Centaurium maritimum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Centaurium maritimum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Wimmera present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Greater Grampians present introduced
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia