Centaurium pulchellum (Sw.) Druce

Lesser Centaury

Fl. Berkshire 342 (1898) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Erect annual, 5–25 cm high. Main stem(s) with 2–4 internodes below lowermost branch. Basal leaves absent at flowering; stem leaves ovate to lanceolate, 5–15 mm long, 2–10 mm wide, smaller toward base, acute. Inflorescence a rather open dichasium with branches spreading from main axis at up to 45°. Flowers on pedicels 1–5(–10) mm long; calyx-lobes 4–7 mm long; corolla bright rose-pink, tube 6–10 mm long, lobes 3–4.5 mm long; anthers mostly 1–1.2 mm long; ovary c. 7 mm long. Capsule c. 8–10 mm long; seeds 0.15–0.25 mm diam., reticulate, pale to reddish-brown. Flowers Oct.–Feb.

*Glep, *GGr, *Wim. Also naturalised WA, SA. Native from the Mediterranean northwards and eastwards to Scandinavia and China respectively. Apparently rare in Australia (but possibly overlooked for the very similar C. tenuiflorum) and known in Victoria by a handful of collections from the south-west of the state (e.g. Mt Arapiles, Vectis, Edenhope, Dergholm).

Native from the Mediterranean region northwards to Scandinavia and eastwards to China.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1999). Gentianaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Neville Walsh, 2019-03-05
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Gentianales
family Gentianaceae
genus Centaurium
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Centaurium pulchellum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Centaurium pulchellum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Wimmera present naturalised
Glenelg Plain present introduced
Greater Grampians present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales