Echium vulgare L.

Viper's Bugloss

Sp. Pl. 139 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Biennial herb, 20–120 cm high, erect; branches 1–several from base, covered with coarse spreading or appressed broad-based hairs and finer, shorter hairs. Leaves densely hairy, apex acute or obtuse, margins entire; rosette leaves linear-oblanceolate, 5–15 cm long, 8–15 mm wide; cauline leaves linear-lanceolate, bases cuneate. Inflorescence conical, cymes dense; bracts usually longer than sepals. Sepals linear-lanceolate, 5–6 mm long, acute, elongating to c. 9 mm in fruit, hairy; corolla 12–15 mm long, hairy outside, glabrous inside except for some hairs around nectary scales, blue, lobes broad-ovate, 2–3 mm long, much shorter than tube; nectary scales 5, arranged around ovary; stamens inserted near throat, 4 long-exserted from corolla, dorsal one more or less included. Mericarps 2–3.5 mm long, rugose with scarcely pointed tubercles, pale brown. Flowers mainly Sep.–Feb.

*Brid, *EGU, *GipP, *HNF, *MonT, *NIS, *Strz, *VRiv, *VVP. Also naturalised SA, NSW, Tas., New Zealand. Native to Europe. A widespread weed of pastures and disturbed places.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Boraginaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
family Boraginaceae
genus Echium
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Echium vulgare in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Echium vulgare in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Bridgewater present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present introduced
East Gippsland Uplands present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present introduced
Monaro Tablelands present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory