Foeniculum vulgare Mill.


Gard. Dict., edn 8, 1 (1768) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Erect, strongly aniseed-scented, biennial or annual herb, 1–2.5 m high; stems robust, striated, usually glaucous. Leaves basal and cauline, to c. 50 cm long, feathery, repeatedly dissected; segments 0.5–8 cm long, to c. 0.5 mm wide. Compound umbels 7–15 cm diam.; common peduncle to 12 cm long; rays 8–30, to 7 cm long; umbellules 5–15 mm diam., 10–30-flowered; pedicels 1–7 mm long. Petals c. 1 mm long, yellow. Fruit ovoid-oblong, 4–7 mm long; mericarps dorsally flattened. Flowers spring and summer.

*Brid, *CVU, *DunT, *EGL, *EGU, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *HNF, *HSF, *MuF, *MuM, *NIS, *OtP, *Strz, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP, *Wim. Naturalized all States except NT. Native to EurAsia. A widespread and locally dominant weed of wastelands, along roads, railway lines and watercourses.

In Tasmania grown commercially for oils, otherwise cultivars grown for vegetable, herb, spice or medicine production. 'Florence Fennel' the form grown for its broad, fleshy petioles is var. dulce (Mill.) Thell.

Source: Duretto, M.F. (1999). Apiaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Daniel Ohlsen, 2017-06-16
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Apiales
family Apiaceae
genus Foeniculum
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Foeniculum vulgare in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Foeniculum vulgare in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Wimmera present naturalised
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Bridgewater present introduced
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present naturalised
East Gippsland Uplands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory