Ononis spinosa L.

Spiny Restharrow

Sp. Pl. 716 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Erect or ascending perennial shrub 10–80 cm tall; stems armed with rigid spines, covered with a mixture of simple and glandular hairs. Leaves mostly trifoliolate; leaflets oblong or ovate, 5–15 mm long, 2–10 mm wide, both surfaces sparsely glandular-hairy, margins serrate, apices acute or obtuse; stipules c. 5 mm long, entire or toothed. Inflorescence 1(–2)-flowered; pedicels c. 2 mm long; calyx to c. 9 mm long, 5-veined, glandular-pubescent, teeth lanceolate, much longer than tube; corolla 6–20 mm long, pink or purple; standard orbicular; wings shorter than keel. Pod ovate, 6–10 mm long; seeds 1–2, reniform, c. 2 mm long, tuberculate, brown or blackish. Flowers mainly Oct.–Mar.

*VVP, *WaP. Native to Europe. Occasionally reported as a weed of pasture lands in the west of the State. Possibly not truly naturalized.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1996). Fabaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Fabales
family Fabaceae
genus Ononis
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Ononis spinosa in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Ononis spinosa in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map