Chloris ventricosa R.Br.

Plump Windmill-grass

Prodr. 186 (1810) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:Victoria: vulnerable (v)

Loosely tufted or shortly stoloniferous perennial or biennial; culms erect, to c. 80 cm high; leaves glabrous or pilose, often somewhat glaucous; blade flat or folded, scabrous along margins and keel, to 20 cm long and 3 mm wide. Inflorescence an umbel of 3–7 spikes, 4–10 cm long, spreading widely, but often slightly flexuose. Spikelets with 2(–3) florets, the lower bisexual, the upper sterile, blackish at maturity; lower glume 1–1.5 mm, the upper 2–3 mm; fertile lemma very obtuse, exceeding upper glume by 0.5–1.5 mm, glabrous except for callus hair-tuft, hardened and scabrous toward the apex at maturity, awn 4–12 mm long; second (sterile) lemma cuneate, truncate, about half as long as first and enclosed for the greater part by it, awn of second lemma c. 2–5 mm long; third floret (if present) unawned. Flowers recorded Jan., May, Aug.

EGU, NIS, VRiv, VVP. Also SA, Qld, NSW. In Victoria, known by a few collections (Terrick Terrick, Keilor, Springhurst, Benalla area, Suggan Buggan), mainly on clay soils, sometimes in winter-wet depressions.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1994). Poaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Neville Walsh, 2015-07-16
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Poaceae
genus Chloris
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Chloris ventricosa in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Chloris ventricosa in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales