Lepidosperma carphoides F.Muell. ex Benth.

Black Rapier-sedge

Fl. Austral. 7: 400 (1878) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Tufted perennial with short rhizome. Culms rigid, erect, terete but 1-grooved, glabrous, smooth, 20–60 cm high, 0.5–1.0 mm diam. Leaf-blades similar in form to culms or somewhat compressed, shorter than to equalling culms, 0.5–0.9 mm diam., or reduced; sheaths dark yellow-brown to grey-brown, not viscid, ± dull. Inflorescence fan-shaped to oblong in outline, erect, rachis often flexuose between the distant clusters of spikelets, 1.5–4 cm long, 1–1.5 cm diam.; involucral bract shorter than inflorescence, obvious, enclosing lowest spikelets, blackish (bract at the base of each cluster of spikelets similar). Spikelets few, 8–12 mm long; glumes 4, long-acute, mucronate, glabrous, dark red-brown to blackish, the 1 or 2 lowest empty, about same length as fertile glumes, which are 5–7 mm long; hypogynous scales 6, yellowish to red-brown, c. one-third length of nut. Nut narrow-obovoid to narrow-ellipsoid, whitish to red-brown, smooth, shining, 3.3–4.7 mm long, 1.5–2.0 mm diam Flowers spring.

CVU, DunT, Glep, Gold, GGr, LoM, MuM, VVP, Wim. Also WA, SA. Locally common in heath, mallee and woodland vegetation on sandy soils in drier areas of western Victoria.

Source: Wilson, K.L. (1994). Cyperaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Cyperaceae
genus Lepidosperma
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Lepidosperma carphoides in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Lepidosperma carphoides in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Murray Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia