Solanum elaeagnifolium Cav.

Silver-leaf Nightshade

Icon. 3: 22, t. 243 (1795) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Erect perennial herb to 1 m high, often suckering, silvery-green, rarely rusty-green, densely pubescent with stellate hairs; prickles to 5 mm long, reddish, straight, most abundant on stems, less common elsewhere. Leaves oblong to oblong-lanceolate, mostly 2.5–10 cm long, 1–3 cm wide, upper ones entire, lower ones shallowly lobed, slightly discolorous, both surfaces densely pubescent; petiole 0.5–2 cm long. Inflorescences simple, 1–4-flowered; peduncle 0.5–1 cm long. Flowers on pedicels c. 10 mm long, lengthening to 2–3 cm in fruit; calyx 9–10 mm long, accrescent in fruit, lobes subulate, 4–5 mm long; corolla rotate-stellate, 20–30 mm diam., blue, rarely white, pink or purple, lobes acute; anthers 5–12 mm long. Berry depressed globose, 8–14 mm diam., orange-brown; seeds 2.5–4 mm long, light brown. Flowers spring–autumn.

*CVU, *GipP, *Gold, *LoM, *MuF, *MuM, *NIS, *VRiv, *VVP, *Wim. Also naturalised WA, NT, SA, Qld, NSW. Native to North and South America; widely naturalised in other countries. A widespread weed, mainly of cereal growing areas and pasture.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Solanaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-06-18
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Solanales
family Solanaceae
genus Solanum
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Solanum elaeagnifolium in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Solanum elaeagnifolium in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present naturalised
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Wimmera present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present introduced
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales