Icon. 3: 22, t. 243 (1795) APNI
Erect perennial herb to 1 m high, often suckering, silvery-green, rarely rusty-green, densely pubescent with stellate hairs; prickles to 5 mm long, reddish, straight, most abundant on stems, less common elsewhere. Leaves oblong to oblong-lanceolate, mostly 2.5–10 cm long, 1–3 cm wide, upper ones entire, lower ones shallowly lobed, slightly discolorous, both surfaces densely pubescent; petiole 0.5–2 cm long. Inflorescences simple, 1–4-flowered; peduncle 0.5–1 cm long. Flowers on pedicels c. 10 mm long, lengthening to 2–3 cm in fruit; calyx 9–10 mm long, accrescent in fruit, lobes subulate, 4–5 mm long; corolla rotate-stellate, 20–30 mm diam., blue, rarely white, pink or purple, lobes acute; anthers 5–12 mm long. Berry depressed globose, 8–14 mm diam., orange-brown; seeds 2.5–4 mm long, light brown. Flowers spring–autumn.
*CVU, *GipP, *Gold, *LoM, *MuF, *MuM, *NIS, *VRiv, *VVP, *Wim. Also naturalised WA, NT, SA, Qld, NSW. Native to North and South America; widely naturalised in other countries. A widespread weed, mainly of cereal growing areas and pasture.
|Bioregion||Occurrence status||Establishment means|
|Victorian Volcanic Plain||present||naturalised|
|Central Victorian Uplands||present||naturalised|
|Northern Inland Slopes||present||naturalised|
|New South Wales|