Cryptandra amara Sm.

Bitter Cryptandra

in Rees, Cycl. 10: Cryptandra no. 2 (1808) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Nearly prostrate, wiry subshrub to an erect, often divaricately branched, sometimes spinescent shrub to c. 1 m high; branchlets covered with fine stellate hairs. Leaves shortly petiolate, ovate to obovate or oblong, 2–5 mm long, 1–2 mm wide, glabrous or with a few appressed simple hairs on or adjacent to the midrib on the lower surface, margins usually recurved, apex sometimes recurved; stipules to 1 mm long. Flowers very shortly pedicellate, crowded toward branch-tips, rarely solitary; bracts brown, broad-elliptic, to 1.5 mm long, blunt or truncate, glabrous to minutely ciliate; perianth c. tubular, or lobes spreading for a short period, white, sometimes reddening with age; sepals slightly shorter than to equal to hypanthium; petals c. 0.5 mm long; style entire or shortly 3-lobed, subequal to or shortly exceeding hypanthium, glabrous. Fruit 3–4 mm long, sub-equal to the enlarged hypanthium. Flowers (Jun.–)Aug.–Oct.(–Dec.).

CVU, EGL, EGU, GipP, Gold, HNF, HSF, MonT, MuF, MuM, NIS, SnM, VAlp, VRiv, VVP. Scattered on shallow, often rocky soils of central, northern and eastern Victoria, commonest in dryish woodland along foothills of the Great Dividing Range, extending to alpine areas near e.g. Mt Wellington and Nunniong Pleateau.

There are no discrete characters to justify the retention of var. longiflora F.Muell. ex Maiden & Betche. South Australian plants referred to (but not within the original circumscription of) that variety however warrant recognition as a distinct entity.

Source: Walsh, N.G.; Udovicic, F. (1999). Cryptandra. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Rosales
family Rhamnaceae
genus Cryptandra
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Cryptandra amara in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Cryptandra amara in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Murray Fans present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Victorian Alps present native
Snowy Mountains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory