Setaria pumila (Poir.) Roem. & Schult.

Pale pigeon-grass

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Tufted, rarely stoloniferous annual. Culms erect, geniculate at base to c. 120 cm high. Leaves glabrous; blade flat or weakly folded, 3–30 cm long, 4–10 mm wide, usually rather flaccid; ligule 0.4–2 mm long. Panicle cylindric, 1–10(–20) cm long, c. 0.5 cm wide. Spikelets elliptic, shortly pointed, 1.5–3.5 mm long, each subtended by an involucre of 6–8 antrorsely barbed bristles 3–12 mm long; lower glume 3-nerved, ovate, c. half as long as spikelet; upper glume 5-nerved, ovate, acute, half to about three-quarters as long as spikelet; lower floret neuter or male, its lemma equal to spikelet, its palea almost as long; fertile lemma equal to spikelet, minutely pointed, transversely ridged. Flowers Feb.–May.

*CVU, *EGL, *EGU, *GipP, *HNF, *HSF, *MuF, *MuM, *NIS, *VRiv, *VVP, *Wim. Scattered but not particularly common in Victoria where an occasional weed of well-watered sites, e.g., irrigated crops, gardens, riverbanks etc.

Created by: Neville Walsh, 2016-04-12
Updated by: Neville Walsh, 2016-04-12
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Poaceae
genus Setaria
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Setaria pumila in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Setaria pumila in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Wimmera present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present naturalised
East Gippsland Uplands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory