Anthoxanthum odoratum L.

Sweet Vernal-grass

Sp. Pl. 28 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Tufted or shortly rhizomatous, coumarin-scented perennial; culms erect, to 80 cm high (rarely more). Leaves glabrous to sparsely hairy, smooth to scabrous; blade flat, to 20 cm long and 2–8 mm wide; ligule truncate, 1–5 mm long. Inflorescence a moderately dense, spike-like panicle (sometimes slightly expanded at anthesis), 2–10 cm long; lower glume ovate, 3–5 mm long, acute, sparsely hairy, upper glume lanceolate, 6.5–10 mm long; sterile lemmas 3–4 mm long, oblong, truncate, the membranous tip bilobed, firmer below and covered by semi-appressed, tubercle-based coppery hairs, the awn of the lower straight, 2–4 mm long, inserted just above midway, the awn of the upper stouter and dark, geniculate, 6–9 mm long, inserted near base; fertile lemma c. 2 mm long, ovate; palea equal to lemma. Flowers mainly Sep.–Jan.

*CVU, *DunT, *EGL, *EGU, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *GGr, *HFE, *HNF, *HSF, *MonT, *MuM, *NIS, *OtP, *OtR, *SnM, *Strz, *VAlp, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP, *WPro, *Wim. Naturalised in all States. Also southern Africa, the Americas, New Zealand. Common throughout cooler parts of the state in open grassy situations including pasture and native grasslands.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1994). Poaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2021-01-09
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Poaceae
genus Anthoxanthum
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Anthoxanthum odoratum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Anthoxanthum odoratum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Wimmera present naturalised
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Greater Grampians present naturalised
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present naturalised
East Gippsland Uplands present naturalised
Wilsons Promontory present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised
Otway Ranges present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present naturalised
Monaro Tablelands present naturalised
Highlands-Far East present naturalised
Victorian Alps present naturalised
Snowy Mountains present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory