Sp. Pl. 72 (1753) APNI
Tufted perennial, culms erect, to 80 cm high. Leaf-blades flat, to 15 cm long and 4 mm wide, minutely scabrous or hairy on the upper surface; ligules blunt, 0.5–1.5 mm long. Panicle spike-like, erect or slightly curved, one-sided, to 8 cm long. Spikelets in dense clusters with 2–5 sterile and fertile spikelets each per cluster; sterile spikelets ovate, flattened, 4–6 mm long, each with 6–18 stiff, narrow, acuminate bracts, 2–5 mm long; fertile spikelets 2–5-flowered, 3–6 mm long; glumes subequal, acuminate, 3–5 mm long; lemmas oblong, 3–4 mm long, scabrous toward apex, usually with a short (to 1 mm) apical awn. Flowers Oct.–Feb.
*CVU, *DunT, *EGL, *GipP, *Gold, *HSF, *MuM, *NIS, *OtP, *OtR, *SnM, *Strz, *VAlp, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP. Naturalized in all States except NT, Qld, also widely in cooler temperate countries. Indigenous in the Mediterranean region. In Victoria, an occasional weed of pasture, lawns and roadsides in cooler districts (e.g. Portland, Lome, Mt Dandenong, Neerim, Kiewa Valley, Orbost) with an isolated occurrence near Mildura in the north-west, occasionally invading native vegetation. .
|Bioregion||Occurrence status||Establishment means|
|Victorian Volcanic Plain||present||naturalised|
|Central Victorian Uplands||present||naturalised|
|Northern Inland Slopes||present||naturalised|
|East Gippsland Lowlands||present||introduced|
|New South Wales|
|Australian Capital Territory|