Prasophyllum australe R.Br.

Austral Leek-orchid

Prodr. 318 (1810) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Flowering stem slender, 25–90 cm tall. Leaf-blade green, slender to robust, to c. 30 cm long and 8 mm diam. at base, red-streaked. Flowers green-brown with reddish stripes and white, fragrant, numerous in a narrow spike 6–20 cm long; ovary subcylindric, elongate, appressed to rachis, 6–10 mm long; sepals ovate-lanceolate, 8–10 mm long, acuminate, streaked green and brown, lateral sepals united, erect; petals similar to sepals, horizontal. Labellum conspicuous, white, base pouched, lamina strongly recurved, prominently crenulate-crisped toward margin, callus plate tuberculate, ending in a pair of winged ridges. Column appendages falcate, c. 4 mm long, pink. Flowers Oct.–Jan.

CVU, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, GGr, HSF, OtP, OtR, VVP, WaP, WPro, Wim. Also SA, Qld, NSW, Tas. Locally common in bogs and damp depressions in heath or woodland, persisting in lightly grazed farmland. Flowers late Oct.-Jan. Widespread and common across southern Victoria in open forest, heathland or grassland in water retentive soils.

Flowering is observed more often after fires.

A distinctive species, remarkably constant throughout its wide range.

Source: Bates, R.J. (1994). Prasophyllum. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Jeff Jeanes, 2015-03-17
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Orchidaceae
genus Prasophyllum
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Prasophyllum australe in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Prasophyllum australe in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory