Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Introduced

Annual or perennial herbs, producing milky sap. Leaves alternate, opposite or verticillate, toothed or rarely entire. Flowers axillary and solitary or in raceme-like inflorescences or cymes, bisexual and protogynous; bracteoles conspicuous and leaf-like at base of pedicel, or minute, or absent. Hypanthium usually oblique; calyx-lobes erect, spreading or deflexed; corolla slightly to distinctly zygomorphic, sometimes 2-lipped, lobes subequal or the upper 2 slightly narrower and/or longer, tube deeply slit to near the base on the upper side; staminal filaments free from corolla-tube or adnate at very base, anthers connate in a tube, all densely penicillate at tip; ovary 2-locular, stigma 2-lobed, the lobes linear and becoming revolute-recoiled, pollen-presenting hairs located on the style slightly below the stigma cleft. Fruit a capsule; seeds numerous, reticulate, ridged, or smooth.

About 20 species, mainly South African with 3 species in tropical Africa; 1 species naturalised in Australia.


For key to this and related genera (Isotoma, Hypsela), see general key to the Campanulaceae.

Source: Albrecht, D.E.; Walsh, N.G. (1999). Campanulaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Asterales
family Campanulaceae
Higher taxa
genus Monopsis
Subordinate taxa