Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Introduced

Annual or perennial, erect or climbing herbs (rarely shrublets), dioecious or polygamous, rarely monoecious. Leaves alternate, petiolate, not articulate; ochreas short, tubular, brownish, membranous, entire but soon disintegrating, not ciliate at apex. Flowers clustered in racemes or racemose panicles; perianth segments 6, sepaloid, the inner 3 enlarging and becoming membranous at maturity, much exceeding fruit; stamens 6; stigmas 3, each flattened, 2-branched and delicately fringed. Nut triquetrous, remaining enclosed by the fruiting perianth.

About 30 species from Eurasia and Africa; 2 naturalised in Australia.

Sometimes included in an expanded Rumex (e.g. Schuster et al. 2015).

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1996). Polygonaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2021-01-13

Schuster, T.M.; Reveal, J.L.; Bayly, M.J. & Kron, K.A. (2015). An updated molecular phylogeny of Polygonoideae (Polygonaceae): Relationships of Oxygonum, Pteroxygonum, and Rumex, and a new circumscription of Koenigia., Taxon 64(6): 1188-1208.

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life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Caryophyllanae
family Polygonaceae
Higher taxa
genus Acetosa
Subordinate taxa