Nicotiana suaveolens Lehm.

Austral Tobacco

Gen. Nicot. Hist. 43 (1818) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:Victoria: rare (r)

Erect herb to 1.5 m high; branches usually glabrous, occasionally sparsely hairy on lower stems. Leaves usually radical and cauline, ovate or elliptic, to 20(–30) cm long, to 4(–8) cm wide, apex acute or obtuse, base attenuate, usually glabrous, sometimes pubescent; petiole to 7(–16) cm long, usually narrowly winged; upper cauline leaves lanceolate to linear, usually sessile. Inflorescences terminal, panicle-like, usually few-branched, pubescent with glandular hairs. Flowers on pedicels to c. 25 mm long; calyx tubular, 6–13(–26) mm long, pubescent, intersepalar membranes usually conspicuous; corolla white, tube 20–55 mm long, mostly 3–5 mm wide at apex of calyx, pubescent, limb 14–35 mm diam., lobes obtuse or notched; stamens unequal, upper 4 filaments to 3 mm long, lower filament 11–16 mm long. Capsule ovoid to ovoid-ellipsoid, 7–12 mm long; seeds mostly reniform or angled, 0.6–1.2 mm long, honeycombed or wrinkled. Flowers mainly spring and summer.

CVU, EGL, EGU, GipP, GGr, HFE, HSF, MuM, NIS, OtP, VAlp, VVP, Wim. Also NSW. Widespread, particularly in drier inland areas, often in rocky places.

Nicotiana x flindersiensis (a hybrid between introduced Nicotiana glauca and native Nicotiana suaveolens) was named for the type locality, Flinders Peak, in the You Yang ranges near Geelong.

Nicotiana maritima has been recorded from several sites in Victoria (e.g. Studley Park, Cape Schanck), but close examination of herbarium specimens has shown these to be either misidentified, or geographically misplaced (e.g. by misinterpretation of South Australian localities for like-named places in Victoria). The Cape Schanck population is noteworthy for the unusual near-coastal, sandy habitat and for their much hairier-than-typical lower stems and leaves by which they approach N. maritima, but they lack the characteristic leaf shape and floral morphology of that species.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Solanaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Neville Walsh, 2018-10-15
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Solanales
family Solanaceae
genus Nicotiana
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Nicotiana suaveolens in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Nicotiana suaveolens in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Far East present native
Victorian Alps present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory