Lepidosperma gladiatum Labill.

Coast Sword-sedge

Nov. Holl. Pl. 1: 15, t. 12 (1805) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Clump-forming perennial with stout vertical rhizome. Culms rigid, erect, with central biconvex ridge and margins flat or concavo-convex, striate, glabrous, smooth, 45–100 cm high, 5–20 mm wide; margins smooth. Leaf-blades similar in form to culms but less strongly biconvex, as long as or exceeding culms, 8–16 mm wide; sheaths straw-coloured to dark yellow-brown or grey-brown basally, not viscid, shining. Inflorescence ovate or oblong in outline, erect, dense, 4–18 cm long, 3–7 cm diam.; involucral bract shorter than inflorescence. Spikelets numerous, clustered, 6–8 mm long; glumes 5–7, puberulous, red-brown, 3 or 4 lowest empty, c. one-half as long as fertile glumes, obtuse to broad-acute; fertile glumes 6–7 mm long, acute, mucronate; hypogynous scales 6, whitish to yellowish, from one-quarter to one-half length of nut. Nut narrow-ovoid, pale to dark brown, smooth or wrinkled, shining, 3.0–4.0 mm long, 1.5–2.0 mm diam. Flowers spring–summer.

Brid, EGL, GipP, Glep, OtP, OtR, Strz, VVP, WaP, WPro. Also WA, SA, NSW, Tas. Extending along most of the Victorian coastline, chiefly on sand-dunes, but also occasionally on sandstone or limestone headlands.

Source: Wilson, K.L. (1994). Cyperaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Daniel Ohlsen, 2017-06-14
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Cyperaceae
genus Lepidosperma
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Lepidosperma gladiatum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Lepidosperma gladiatum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Glenelg Plain present native
Bridgewater present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Otway Ranges present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory