Gastrodia sesamoides R.Br.

Prodr. 330 (1810) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Slender to moderately robust herb. Stem apex drooping in bud, straightening at anthesis, dark brown, 20–60 cm high. Flowers 4–25, erect at first, then drooping, bell-shaped, 15–20 mm long (excluding ovary), light grey-brown, white towards apices, fragrant, exterior surface often very rough; subtending bracts about as long as pedicels; pedicel (excluding ovary) 2–10 mm long; ovary obconical. Labellum to 12 mm long and 5 mm wide, lamina with 2 raised, yellow to orange, much crested, moderately divergent calli which merge above the lateral lobes and continue, somewhat less elevated, to just below apex. Fruits c. 12–14 mm long, brown. Flowers Sep.–Jan. (where growing with G. procera its peak flowering time is 3–4 weeks earlier than that species).

CVU, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HNF, HSF, MonT, NIS, OtP, OtR, SnM, Strz, VAlp, VRiv, VVP, WPro. All States except NT. New Zealand. Widespread and often locally common, in open forests, woodlands and coastal scrubs in sandy or clay loams.

See taxonomic notes under G. procera.

Source: Entwisle, T.J. (1994). Orchidaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Jeff Jeanes, 2015-02-19
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Orchidaceae
genus Gastrodia
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Gastrodia sesamoides in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Gastrodia sesamoides in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Victorian Alps present native
Snowy Mountains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory