Gastrodia procera G.W.Carr

Indig. Flora & Fauna Assoc. Misc. Pap. 1: 22 (1991) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Robust herb. Stem erect throughout, dark brown, 26–100 cm high, rarely more. Flowers 8–75, erect at first, then drooping, bell-shaped, 20–25 mm long (excluding ovary), cinnamon brown, white towards apices, exterior surface often very rough; subtending bracts about as long as pedicels; pedicel (excluding ovary) 3–10 mm long; ovary obconical. Labellum 14–17 mm long, 5–8 mm wide, lamina with 2 raised, yellow to orange, much crested, widely divergent calli which merge above the lateral lobes and continue, somewhat more elevated, to just below apex. Fruits 10–20 mm long, pale brown. Flowers Dec.–Jan. (where growing with G. sesamoides, its peak flowering time is 3–4 weeks later than that species).

CVU, EGL, EGU, GipP, GGr, HNF, HSF, NIS, OtP, OtR, Strz, VAlp. Also Qld, NSW, Tas. Naturalized in South Africa. Widespread and common (but less so than G. sesamoides) in higher rainfall moist to wet forest and woodland.

Gastrodia procera plants resemble those of G. sesamoides, but are generally more robust, sometimes reaching over 1 m high. In addition to the features used in the key, G procera also has larger flowers with a cinnamon brown rather than light grey-brown exterior, more widely divergent labellum callus (in the proximal part of labellum) and generally larger, paler fruits.

Source: Entwisle, T.J. (1994). Orchidaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Jeff Jeanes, 2015-02-19
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Orchidaceae
genus Gastrodia
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Gastrodia procera in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Gastrodia procera in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native
Victorian Alps present native

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory