Caladenia cremna (D.L.Jones) G.N.Backh.

Victorian Naturalist 124: 124 (2007) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Endemic

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:EPBC: critically endangered (CR); Victoria: endangered (e); listed in Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act 1988

Flowering plant 15–20 cm tall. Leaf 8–10 cm long, 4–8 mm wide. Flower solitary; perianth segments 2.7–4.5 cm long, pale yellowish with red striae; dorsal sepal erect, lateral sepals and petals divergent, tips drooping; dorsal sepal flattened at base, 2–3 mm wide, tapered to a filiform, clubbed tail, club 4–6 mm long, with dark red-purple, globose, contiguous, sessile glands; lateral sepals flattened at base, 4–6 mm wide, tapered to short filiform clubbed tails, clubs 0.5–1.5 mm long, similar to those of dorsal sepal; petals shorter than sepals, flattened at base, 2–3 mm wide, tapered to an acuminate apex. Labellum curved forward with apex recurved, lamina ovate-lanceolate, obscurely 3-lobed, 15–17 mm long and 9–10 mm wide (when flattened), mostly yellowish with a deep reddish apex; marginal calli on lateral lobes, red, linear, c. 1 mm long, diminishing in size and merging towards the apex; lamina calli in 4 or 6 rows, dull red, not crowded, extending onto base of mid-lobe, foot-shaped, to 1.7 mm long at base of lamina, decreasing in size towards apex. Flowers Oct.

VRiv. Endemic to Victoria where known only from a steep forested slaty hillside near Whitfield in the north-east.

Known from a single locality and up to 35 plants; regarded as critically endangered.

Caladenia cremna is most similar to C. australis, which has longer osmophores on all the sepals and more numerous, longer, linear marginal teeth on the labellum.

Created by: Jeff Jeanes, 2015-04-28
Updated by: Jeff Jeanes, 2015-04-28
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Orchidaceae
genus Caladenia
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Caladenia cremna in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Caladenia cremna in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Riverina present native

State distribution

Distribution map