Raphanus sativus L.


Sp. Pl. 669 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Annual. Root tuberous, edible. Stems erect, 25–100 cm high, sparsely bristly. Sepals 6–10 mm long, erect; petals 15–25 mm long, white to purple with dark veins. Fruit erect to spreading, 2–9 cm long (including beak), 8–15 mm wide; valves inflated, spongy, scarcely or irregularly constricted between seeds, not breaking into 1-seeded units; beak conical, 8–20 mm long; pedicel 4–21 mm long; seeds usually 5–12, c. 3 mm long, dark brown.

*DunT, *GipP, *HSF, *VVP. Also an occasional garden-escape in SA, Qld, NSW, Tas., Europe, Asia, North and South America. Natural range unknown but widely cultivated for over 4000 years. Flowers autumn-spring.

Usually a non-persistent escapee from gardens, rubbish tips, etc. The size of the taproot is variable, its succulence reportedly diminished by longer (summer) days.

Source: Entwisle, T.J. (1996). Brassicaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
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Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Brassicales
family Brassicaceae
genus Raphanus
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Raphanus sativus in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Raphanus sativus in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales