Cotyledon orbiculata L.

Sp. Pl. 429 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Introduced

Shrub to c. 1.5 m tall; branches spreading or decumbent. Leaves opposite or whorled, obovate to oblanceolate or narrow-linear, 3–14 cm long, 1–5 cm wide, apex rounded or cuspidate, base cuneate, margins reddish or pale, both surfaces convex, glabrous to hairy, green to grey, pruinose. Inflorescence 20–100 cm long, glabrous to hairy; peduncles 10–70 cm long; pedicels c. 1 cm long. Flowers pendulous; sepals broadly to narrowly triangular, 2–5 mm long, acute, glabrous, rarely hairy; corolla 7–40 mm long, often bulging in middle, red to orange, rarely yellow, lobes usually lanceolate, usually shorter than tube, recurved or recoiled; anthers 1.5–3.5 mm long; nectary glands fleshy, yellow; carpels slender, tapering into a long, slender style.

*CVU, *GipP, *Gold, *MuF, *MuM, *NIS, *OtP, *VVP.

Toelken (1985) recognised 5 varieties differing in growth habit, leaf arrangement, number of bracts on the peduncle, flowering time, length of corolla tube, relative length of corolla lobes etc. At least two of these varieties are naturalised in Victoria. Naturalised material, however, often includes what appear to be hybrids and cultivars that may not always comfortably fit into any of the recognized varieties.

Source: Toelken, H.R.; Jeanes, J.A.; Stajsic, V. (1996). Crassulaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-03-12

Toelken, H.R. (1985). Crassulaceae, 1-230, in: Leistner, O.A., Flora of Southern Africa 14, Botanical Research Institute, Republic of South Africa.

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Distribution map


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Cotyledon orbiculata in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Cotyledon orbiculata in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present introduced
Victorian Volcanic Plain present introduced
Murray Fans present introduced
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present introduced
Goldfields present introduced
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory