Cotyledon

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Introduced

Perennial soft-wooded shrubs or subshrubs; branches usually erect, somewhat woody. Leaves usually opposite, sessile, succulent, borne in terminal clusters. Inflorescence a thyrse with 1–several dichasia each ending in monochasial branches; peduncle scape-like with 1 or 2 pairs of small bracts. Flowers usually pendulous; sepals 5, fleshy, connate; petals 5, connate in a tube for at least half their length, free portion recurved or recoiled at anthesis, yellow, red or greenish; stamens 10, adnate to base of petals, in 2 whorls of unequal length, shorter than petals, glabrous except for a tuft of hairs where filament fused to tube, anthers exserted; ovaries superior, carpels as many as petals, sometimes slightly connate at base, each with many ovules, each often with a basal, usually cup-shaped nectary gland, style slender, stigma small. Fruit a follicle; seeds many, ellipsoid, small, with longitudinal ridges and transverse striations.

9 species, mainly in southern Africa with 1 species extending to Ethiopia and the Arabian Peninsula; 1 species naturalised in Australia, many cultivated.

Source: Toelken, H.R.; Jeanes, J.A.; Stajsic, V. (1996). Crassulaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
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life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder [Saxifraganae]
order Saxifragales
family Crassulaceae
Higher taxa
genus Cotyledon
Subordinate taxa