Sp. Pl. 59 (1753) APNI
Tufted perennial, culms erect, basal internodes often bulbous, to 1.5 m high. Leaves glabrous, finely scabrous; blade narrowly pointed, to 20 cm long and 8 mm wide; ligule obtuse, 1.5–5 mm long. Inflorescence a cylindric panicle, 4–15 cm long, 5–10 mm wide; glumes oblong, 3–4 mm long (excluding awns), with a row of coarse, erect bristles along the thickened keel, awns rigid, 1–2 mm long, erect to slightly recurved, lower glume ciliate along margin; lemma 5-nerved, shallowly toothed at apex, 2–3 mm long, minutely pubescent; palea 2-nerved, slightly shorter than lemma. Flowers Jan.–Mar.
*EGL, *EGU, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *HNF, *HSF, *SnM, *Strz, *VAlp, *VVP, *WaP. Also naturalised WA, SA, NSW, ACT, Tas. Native to northern Africa, temperate Asia, parts of tropical Asia (India, Pakistan), and Europe. Principally a pasture grass in cooler localities, occasionally becoming established on disturbed ground nearby. Planted as a soil stabiliser on road verges and works areas in the high country and occasionally spreading to damp alpine grasslands, particularly where cattle grazing is prevalent.
|Bioregion||Occurrence status||Establishment means|
|Victorian Volcanic Plain||present||naturalised|
|East Gippsland Lowlands||present||introduced|
|East Gippsland Uplands||present||introduced|
|New South Wales|
|Australian Capital Territory|