Sinapis arvensis L.


Sp. Pl. 668 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Annual. Stems erect, 30–80 cm high, herbaceous, simple or branched, usually bristly, sometimes glabrous. Leaves to 20 cm long; basal leaves petiolate, pinnate to pinnately lobed, terminal lobe ovate, elliptic or obovate, irregularly toothed; upper stem leaves smaller, shortly petiolate to sessile above, ovate to lanceolate, sometimes with pair of small lobes at base, irregularly toothed. Sepals inclined, spreading or reflexed, 4–7 mm long; petals 9–12 mm long. Fruit spreading, 2–6 cm long (including beak), 2–4 mm wide, terete; valves usually constricted between seeds; beak 7–16 mm long, with 1 seed or seedless; pedicel 3–24 mm long, thick; seeds 1–2 mm wide, red-brown to black. Flowers Sep.–Feb.

*GipP, *GGr, *MuM, *VVP, *Wim. Naturalized all States except NT. Native to Europe, Asia and northern Africa. Weed of cultivated areas, probably more widespread than records indicate.

See taxonomic notes under generic description of Sinapis.

Leaves edible and used like lettuce leaves in parts of Europe. Sometimes a serious crop weed but readily controlled.

Source: Entwisle, T.J. (1996). Brassicaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Frank Udovicic, 2014-11-21
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Rosanae
order Brassicales
family Brassicaceae
genus Sinapis
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Sinapis arvensis in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Sinapis arvensis in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Murray Mallee present introduced
Wimmera present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Greater Grampians present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory