Fraxinus excelsior L.

European Ash

Sp. Pl. 2: 1057 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Sparingly established

Tree 15–40 m high, deciduous, with dull black winter buds. Leaves 25–42 cm long; leaflets 7–15, narrowly linear-lanceolate to broadly ovate or elliptical, 3–11 cm long, 1.5–4.5 cm wide, apex rounded-apiculate to acute or acuminate, base cuneate or rounded, serrate, rarely biserrate, glabrous except for lower part of midrib beneath. Panicles axillary, many-flowered, appearing before leaves; sepals and corolla absent. Samara elliptic, (20–)25–40(–50) mm long, winged in upper half to two thirds. Flowers spring.

*GipP, *Gold, *VVP. Native to Europe. Recorded in Victoria at Hepburn Springs along Spring Creek and along Yarrowee Creek near Ballarat.

Created by: Daniel Ohlsen, 2016-04-06
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-11-19
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Lamiales
family Oleaceae
genus Fraxinus
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Fraxinus excelsior in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Fraxinus excelsior in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain present introduced
Gippsland Plain present introduced
Goldfields present introduced
Highlands-Southern Fall present cultivated

State distribution

Distribution map
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory