Eragrostis australasica (Steud.) C.E.Hubb.


Bull. Misc. Inform. 1941: 26 (1941) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:Victoria: vulnerable (v)

Shortly rhizomatous perennial, culms rather stout, to 5 mm diam. or more, covered in greyish wax at least when young, freely branching at nodes, to 3 m high. Leaves smooth and glabrous, rather stiff, largely confined to culms; blade flat or inrolled, to 20 cm long and 6 mm wide, but often rudimentary at upper nodes; sheaths spreading, loosely clustered at branching nodes; ligule ciliate, 0.5–0.8 mm long. Inflorescence a panicle, to 20 cm long and 12 cm wide, initially contracted but branches finally spreading. Spikelets 4–10-flowered, 5–13 mm long and 1–1.8 mm wide, slaty green or grey, shining; glumes membranous, faintly nerved, acute or erose at apex, the lower 1.5–3.5 mm long, the upper usually longer by 0.5–1.5 mm; lemma 2.3–3.5 mm long, obtuse or erose at apex; palea equal to lemma, splitting along the midline as the grain matures. Anthers 1.2–2 mm long. Flowers Sep.–May.

DunT, Gold, LoM, MuF, MuM, MSB, RobP, VRiv, Wim. All mainland states. Largely confined to clay-pans and shallow lakes in the north-west, from near Kerang to the SA border. More southerly records are often associated with irrigation channels and it's likely that these plants have established through inadvertent transport of seed.

Previously including E. infecunda, the more common 'cane-grass' in Victoria..

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1994). Poaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Poaceae
genus Eragrostis
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Eragrostis australasica in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Eragrostis australasica in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Murray Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Murray Scroll Belt present native
Robinvale Plains present native
Murray Fans present native
Goldfields present native
Dundas Tablelands present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales