Senna artemisioides (Gaudich. ex DC.) Randell

Silver Cassia

J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 12: 220 (1989) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Shrub 1–3 m high. Leaves variable; gland 1, between lowest pair of leaflets, sessile and flat; leaflets in 1–8 pairs, variable, equal or increasing in size from base of leaf; stipules minute, triangular, early caducous. Peduncles to c. 15 mm long; pedicels to c. 10 mm long; sepals 6–8 mm long, greenish; petals (4–)7–10 mm long; fertile stamens 10, anthers 4–5 mm long, 7 adaxial anthers on filaments c. 1 mm long, 3 abaxial anthers on filaments c. 2 mm long. Pod linear, 5–10 cm long, 8–15 mm wide, compressed, straight, glabrous; seeds several, c. 4 mm long, brown, dull. 

CVU, EGU, GipP, Gold, GGr, LoM, MuF, MuM, MSB, NIS, OtP, RobP, VRiv, VVP, Wim.

15 subspecies recognized currently. The main features used by Randell (1989) to distinguish the 5 Victorian subspecies (petiole length, width and cross-sectional shape and leaflet number, length, width, cross-sectional shape and indumentum) are extremely variable and plants of intermediate morphology commonly occur.

See note under the profile for Senna regarding the complex breeding systems that, at least partially, explain the often confounding array of variation observed in the field.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1996). Caesalpiniaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-12-06
Hero image
Distribution map


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Senna artemisioides in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Senna artemisioides in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Murray Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Murray Scroll Belt present native
Robinvale Plains present native
Murray Fans present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory