Parapholis incurva (L.) C.E.Hubb.

Coast Barb-grass

Blumea, suppl. 3: 14 (1946) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Tufted, erect to decumbent, stems to 25 cm long. Leaves glabrous; blade flat or incurved, scabrous on upper surface, to 6 cm long and 2 mm wide, often reduced to short points on the inflated upper sheath; ligule minutely toothed, to 1 mm long. Spikes to 10 cm long, weakly to strongly curved, rarely almost straight, often purplish, usually many per plant. Glumes subequal, 4–5-nerved, 4.5–7 mm long, mostly slightly longer than internodes; lemma and palea thinly membranous, 1–2 mm shorter than glumes; anthers 0.5–1 mm long. Flowers Sep.–Nov.

*Brid, *CVU, *DunT, *EGL, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *GGr, *HNF, *HSF, *LoM, *MuF, *MuM, *MSB, *OtP, *OtR, *RobP, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP, *Wim. Also naturalised WA, SA, NSW, Tas. Indigenous to coasts of the Mediterranean region and western Europe. Primarily a grass of coastal salt-marshes and low sea-terraces, but becoming widespread on salted land away from the sea, particularly in the north-west.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1994). Poaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-04-09
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Poaceae
genus Parapholis
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Parapholis incurva in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Parapholis incurva in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present naturalised
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Wimmera present naturalised
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Bridgewater present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Scroll Belt present naturalised
Robinvale Plains present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present introduced
Greater Grampians present naturalised
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present introduced
Otway Ranges present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory