Phalaris canariensis L.

Sp. Pl. 54 (1753) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Tufted annual, culms erect or geniculate at base, sometimes branched, to 120 cm high. Leaves glabrous; blade to 30 cm long and 12 mm wide, finely scabrous; ligule obtuse, membranous, 3–8 mm long. Panicle very dense, ovoid, 1.5–5 cm long. Spikelets 6–9 mm long; glumes 3-nerved, equal, broadly winged on the keel above midway; sterile lemmas subequal, oblong, 2.5–4 mm long, acute at apex, glabrous or sparsely hairy; fertile lemma ovate-lanceolate, 5–6 mm long, with semi-appressed hairs. Flowers Sep.–Dec.

*GipP, *Gold, *HSF, *NIS, *VRiv, *VVP. Naturalized in all States except NT. Native to the western Mediterranean region but naturalised in many temperate countries. Widely cultivated for bird-seed. In Victoria, populations tend to be sporadic and short-lived, e.g. Robinvale in the north-west, Rockbank near Melbourne.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1994). Poaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Daniel Ohlsen, 2017-06-07
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Poaceae
genus Phalaris
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Phalaris canariensis in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Phalaris canariensis in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory