Sp. Pl. 54 (1753) APNI
Tufted annual, culms erect or geniculate at base, sometimes branched, to 120 cm high. Leaves glabrous; blade to 30 cm long and 12 mm wide, finely scabrous; ligule obtuse, membranous, 3–8 mm long. Panicle very dense, ovoid, 1.5–5 cm long. Spikelets 6–9 mm long; glumes 3-nerved, equal, broadly winged on the keel above midway; sterile lemmas subequal, oblong, 2.5–4 mm long, acute at apex, glabrous or sparsely hairy; fertile lemma ovate-lanceolate, 5–6 mm long, with semi-appressed hairs. Flowers Sep.–Dec.
*GipP, *Gold, *HSF, *NIS, *VRiv, *VVP. Naturalized in all States except NT. Native to the western Mediterranean region but naturalised in many temperate countries. Widely cultivated for bird-seed. In Victoria, populations tend to be sporadic and short-lived, e.g. Robinvale in the north-west, Rockbank near Melbourne.
|Bioregion||Occurrence status||Establishment means|
|Victorian Volcanic Plain||present||naturalised|
|Northern Inland Slopes||present||naturalised|
|New South Wales|
|Australian Capital Territory|