Phalaris

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Introduced

Annuals or perennials. Leaf-blades flat; ligules relatively large, membranous or papery. Inflorescence an ovoid to cylindric panicle, usually dense and unlobed. Spikelets strongly laterally compressed, 2–3-flowered, the lower 1–2 florets reduced to small lemmas, upper floret bisexual; glumes 2, longer than lemmas, strongly 3–5-nerved, often winged on the keel; fertile lemma 3–5-nerved, hardened and shining; palea keeled, hardened, 1-nerved.

16 species, from temperate zones in the Northern Hemisphere and South America; 8 naturalised in Australia, all present in Victoria.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1994). Poaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-01-24
 
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