Phalaris coerulescens Desf.

Blue Canary-grass

Fl. Atl. 1: 56 (1798) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Tufted perennial, basal internodes tuberous, stems erect, to 120 cm high. Leaves glabrous; blade minutely scabrous, to 12 cm long and 6 mm wide; ligule obtuse, membranous, 4–6 mm long. Panicle dense, ovoid-cylindric, 3–12 cm long, purplish; fertile spikelets 5–7 mm long; glumes 3-nerved, equal, with an apical point to c. 1 mm, the wing on the keel usually shortly 1–4 toothed; sterile lemmas absent; fertile lemma lanceolate, 3–4 mm long, glabrous; male and sterile spikelets resembling fertile ones, sometimes slightly smaller. Flowers Nov.

*CVU, *GipP, *HNF, *HSF, *VVP, *Wim. Also naturalised WA, NSW. Indigenous to the Mediterranean region and Portugal. In Victoria, known from a couple of records in south-western Victoria and one north of Melbourne, growing with other native and exotic pasture grasses.

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1994). Poaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-01-24
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Poaceae
genus Phalaris
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Phalaris coerulescens in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Phalaris coerulescens in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Wimmera present introduced
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory