Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk.

Mullumbimby Couch

Pl. Hort. Bot. Bogor. 24 (1844) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Slender perennial with long slender rhizome. Culms solitary, triquetrous, smooth, 5–40 cm high, 0.7–1.5 mm diam. Leaves not septate-nodulose, shorter than culms, 1–3 mm wide. Inflorescence head-like, ovoid or subglobose, 4–10 mm long, 3–7 mm diam., rarely with 1 or 2 small subsidiary heads; involucral bracts leaf-like, 2–5 longer than inflorescence. Spikelets flattened, sometimes exceeding 100 per head, 2–4 mm long, c. 1 mm wide in side view, 1(–2)-flowered, falling as a unit; glumes short-mucronate, with toothed or occasionally smooth keel, sides 2–3-nerved, whitish to pale brown, 1–4 mm long; stamens 1(–3). Nut biconvex, obovate to elliptic, yellow-brown, 1–1.5 mm long, 0.5–0.7 mm wide Flowers spring–summer.

*GipP, *HNF, *MuF, *VRiv, *VVP. Naturalized in all mainland States (including Lord Howe Is.). Native to tropical North and South America, Africa, Asia. A weed of damp lawns, pastures, and other disturbed areas (mostly near habitation) in the eastern half of the State.

Source: Wilson, K.L. (1994). Cyperaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Cyperaceae
genus Cyperus
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Cyperus brevifolius in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Cyperus brevifolius in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Highlands-Northern Fall present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory