Catapodium rigidum (L.) C.E.Hubb.

Fern Grass

in Dony, Fl. Bedfordsh. 437 (1953) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Culms rigid, erect or spreading, to 30 cm long. Leaves glabrous; blade 1–10 cm long, 1–2.5 mm wide, pointed at apex, scabrous on lower surface toward the apex and along margins, scabrous along nerves of upper surface; ligule blunt, 0.5–3 mm long. Inflorescence a linear to narrowly ovate, one-sided panicle, 1–8 cm long. Spikelets oblong or narrowly ovate 4–7 mm long, 4–10-flowered; lower glume 1.3–2 mm long, upper glume 1.5–2.3 mm long; lemma 2–2.6 mm long, dorsally rounded for the entire length or slightly keeled toward the apex, not incurved, more or less oblong in side-view, barely 1 mm broad when flattened out. Flowers Oct.–Jan.

*Brid, *CVU, *EGL, *EGU, *GipP, *Glep, *Gold, *GGr, *HSF, *LoM, *MuF, *MuM, *NIS, *OtP, *OtR, *Strz, *VRiv, *VVP, *WaP, *WPro, *Wim. Also naturalised in WA, SA, NSW, Tas., the Americas, southern Africa. Native to western and southern Europe, northern Africa, western Asia. In Victoria, locally common on dry sandy soils, chiefly near the coast, but also occurring on inland sites, particularly those prone to slight salination. .

Source: Walsh, N.G. (1994). Poaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Poaceae
genus Catapodium
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Catapodium rigidum in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Catapodium rigidum in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present naturalised
Murray Mallee present introduced
Wimmera present naturalised
Glenelg Plain present naturalised
Bridgewater present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present introduced
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Warrnambool Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Greater Grampians present introduced
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised
East Gippsland Lowlands present introduced
East Gippsland Uplands present naturalised
Wilsons Promontory present naturalised
Highlands-Southern Fall present naturalised
Otway Ranges present naturalised
Strzelecki Ranges present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory