Carpha nivicola F.Muell.

Broad-leaf Flower-rush

Defin. Austral. Pl. 34 ; Trans. Philos. Soc. Victoria 1: 111 (1855)

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:Victoria: rare (r)

Tufted perennial, shortly rhizomatous. Culms rigid, terete, glabrous, striate but smooth, mostly 10–30 cm high, 0.5–1.5 mm diam. Leaf-blades ± stiff, channelled, flattened distally, mostly shorter than culms, 1.5–3 mm wide; sheaths red-brown or dark yellow-brown near base, often paler above, often striate, shining. Inflorescence a loose cluster of 10–20 spikelets, 3–6 cm long, with 1 or 2 involucral bracts longer than inflorescence. Spikelets 13–18 mm long; glumes acute, keeled above, straw-coloured or yellowish or red-dotted, the two outer small and empty, the two larger glumes 10–16 mm long, with a ± hyaline, ± linear empty glume above; hypogynous bristles 12–15 mm long, yellow to pale red-brown, plumose except often the tip antrorsely scabrous for up to 1 mm. Nut narrow-ellipsoid, pale red-brown, minutely reticulate, glistening, on a short stipe c. 0.5 mm long, the body 3.5–4.5 mm long, c. 1.2 mm diam., the persistent style-base 6–9 mm long. Flowers summer.

EGU, HNF, VAlp. Also NSW, ACT. Occurs in similar habitats to C. alpina, but widespread throughout treeless alpine and subalpine areas above c. 1400 m.

Source: Wilson, K.L. (1994). Cyperaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-07-31
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Cyperaceae
genus Carpha
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Carpha nivicola in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Carpha nivicola in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Victorian Alps present native

State distribution

Distribution map
New South Wales