Carpha

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Perennial herbs with short rhizome. Culms tufted, nodeless, trigonous. Leaves basal; ligule absent. Inflorescence condensed, with 1–3 loosely head-like or obconical clusters of shortly pedicellate spikelets. Spikelets compressed, 1-flowered; rachilla short, straight, not produced beyond the flowers; glumes 4 or 5, distichous, the lower ones empty, about half the size of upper glumes, the uppermost glume setaceous to linear and thin-textured; hypogynous bristles 6, antrorsely plumose for most or all of their length, falling with nut; stamens 3; style-base continuous with ovary, terete, rigid, persistent; style 3-fid. Nut trigonous, shortly stipitate.

4 species in Australia, New Guinea, New Zealand and South America; 4 species in south-east Australia.

Source: Wilson, K.L. (1994). Cyperaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-07-31
 
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life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Poales
family Cyperaceae
Higher taxa
genus Carpha
Subordinate taxa