Daviesia ulicifolia Andrews

Gorse Bitter-pea

Bat. Repos. 5: 304 (1803) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Rigid shrub to 2 m tall; branches glabrous to hispid; branchlets terete, ribbed, divaricate, spinescent. Phyllodes subulate, narrow-elliptic or narrow-ovate, rarely ovate, 5–35 mm long, 0.5–6 mm wide, flat or convex above, green, glabrous or stiffly pubescent, apex acute or acuminate, pungent, cuspidate, base tapered to rounded; midrib prominent on upper surface; venation obscure. Inflorescences 1–2 per axil, umbelliform, 2–5-flowered, often reduced to a single flower; peduncle 0.5–2 mm long; pedicels 1–1.5 mm long, subtended by several oblong, hooded bracts c. 1 mm long. Calyx 2.5–3.5 mm long including 0.5–0.8 mm receptacle, teeth equal, acute, margins fimbriate; corolla mostly orange-yellow; standard transverse-elliptic, c. 6 mm long, c. 5 mm wide, broadly yellow-brown with a dark reddish-brown centre. Pod obliquely triangular, 5–12 mm long, 3.5–6 mm wide; seed 1, reniform, to c. 4 mm long, mottled.

CVU, DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HFE, HNF, HSF, LoM, MonT, MuF, NIS, OtP, OtR, SnM, Strz, VAlp, VRiv, VVP, WaP, WPro, Wim.

An extraordinarily variable species particularly in terms of indumentum and phyllode size and shape. Six subspecies are recognised, two in Victoria. A solitary specimen from near Avoca has been determined as Daviesia ulicifolia subsp. aridicola, but the large distance from its nearest occurrence in mallee dune country in south-western New South Wales, suggests a likely misdetermination. It differs from D. ulicifolia subsp. ulicifolia primarily in its glaucous foliage.

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1996). Fabaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 3, Dicotyledons Winteraceae to Myrtaceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Neville Walsh, 2021-10-10
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Distribution map


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <http://avh.chah.org.au>. Find Daviesia ulicifolia in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Daviesia ulicifolia in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present native
Wimmera present native
Glenelg Plain present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native
Victorian Riverina present native
Murray Fans present native
Gippsland Plain present native
Otway Plain present native
Warrnambool Plain present native
Goldfields present native
Central Victorian Uplands present native
Greater Grampians present native
Dundas Tablelands present native
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Wilsons Promontory present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Otway Ranges present native
Strzelecki Ranges present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Highlands-Far East present native
Victorian Alps present native
Snowy Mountains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory