Prasophyllum litorale R.J.Bates

J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 13: 59 (1990) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Threat status:Victoria: vulnerable (v); listed in Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act 1988

Flowering stem stout, 20–45 cm tall. Leaf-blade senescent at time of flowering, to c. 15 cm long, 5–9 mm diam. at base, apex lax. Flowers 15–40, variously coloured in greens and reds, fragrant, in a dense spike; ovary globose to obovoid, c. 5 mm long; sepals 6–9 mm long, dorsal sepal ovate-lanceolate, lateral sepals free, lanceolate, erect, parallel to slightly divergent, thick-textured, margins inrolled, apex often bidentate; petals 6–7 mm long, oblong, obtuse, often with pinkish crinkled margins. Labellum clawed, broadly trullate, 6–7 mm long, creamy-white to pink, recurved at right angles above middle, base pouched, recurved part triangular, with margins crenulate and crisped; callus plate green to brown, short, thick, warty, extending beyond bend, glistening with nectar. Column appendages oblong, 2–3 mm long, obtuse. Flowers Dec.–Jan.

Brid, Glep, VVP. Also SA (south-east corner), Tas. Occurs in coastal scrub and heath on sandhills or headlands, in sand over moisture-retentive clays. Rare and localized to the west of Portland.

Previously confused with Prasophyllum frenchii, a species from heavier soils with a smaller, less crenulate labellum and longer flower spike and scape.

The name P. rogersii has been misapplied to P. niphopedium and P. litorale in Victoria.

Source: Bates, R.J. (1994). Prasophyllum. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2018-02-15
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Orchidaceae
genus Prasophyllum
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Prasophyllum litorale in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Prasophyllum litorale in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Glenelg Plain present native
Bridgewater present native
Victorian Volcanic Plain present native

State distribution

Distribution map