Cinnamomum camphora (L) J.Presl

Camphor laurel

Prir. Rostlin 2: 36 (1825)

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Sparingly established

Tree to 20 m high; bark greyish brown; branchlets glabrous. Leaves alternative, smelling of camphor when crushed; petioles 1.5–4 cm long; leaf blade ovate to broadly ovate or elliptic, 4–11 cm long, 2.5–6.0 cm wide, adaxial surface glossy green, abaxial surface glaucous; apex abruptly acuminate; base cuneate to obtuse; 3-veined, often with small domatia in the axils. Inflorescence usually not exceeding leaves. Perianth segments widely spreading, 1–2 mm long, white or cream, pubescent on inner surface. Fruit globose, c. 10 mm diam., black.    Flowers Aug.–Oct.

*GipP. Also naturalised WA, Qld, NSW. Native to Japan, Taiwan and China.

Planted as an ornamental, sparingly established in Victoria. Cinnamomum camphora is an aggressive weed in native rainforest further north in Australia, particularly along watercourses.    

Created by: Andre Messina, 2015-01-20
Updated by: Val Stajsic, 2019-03-27
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Magnolianae
order Laurales
family Lauraceae
genus Cinnamomum
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Cinnamomum camphora in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Cinnamomum camphora in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Wimmera present cultivated
Gippsland Plain present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory