Cotula bipinnata Thunb.

Ferny Cotula

Prodr. Pl. Cap. 162 (1800) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Naturalised

Erect or ascending, virtually glabrous annual to c. 25 cm high; stems branched. Leaves oblanceolate to lanceolate in outline, mostly 2–6 cm long, 10–20 mm wide, pinnatisect with pinnatifid segments, base stem-sheathing and pinnate; pinnae linear-subulate, acute, mucronate, usually toothed. Capitula 6–8 mm diam., terminal and axillary; peduncles slightly exceeding leaves at anthesis, slender; involucral bracts many, oblong, 2–3 mm long, glabrous, margins often purplish. Female florets usually fewer than 8, 1-seriate, corolla c. 0.5 mm long; bisexual florets numerous, corolla c. 1 mm long. Cypselas of female florets oblong, 1–1.5 mm long, flat, glandular, winged; cypselas of bisexual florets narrow-oblong, 1–1.5 mm long, plano-convex, smooth, margins narrowly ridged. Flowers Aug.–Dec.

*CVU, *DunT, *GipP, *Gold, *GGr, *LoM, *MuF, *MuM, *MSB, *NIS, *OtP, *RobP, *VRiv, *VVP, *Wim. Also naturalised WA, SA, NSW. Native to South Africa. Widespread, particularly in northern and north-western Victoria, often in moist saline areas. .

Source: Jeanes, J.A. (1999). Asteraceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 4, Cornaceae to Asteraceae. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
Hero image
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Asteranae
order Asterales
family Asteraceae
genus Cotula
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Cotula bipinnata in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Cotula bipinnata in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Lowan Mallee present naturalised
Murray Mallee present naturalised
Wimmera present naturalised
Victorian Volcanic Plain present naturalised
Victorian Riverina present naturalised
Murray Scroll Belt present naturalised
Robinvale Plains present naturalised
Murray Fans present naturalised
Gippsland Plain present naturalised
Otway Plain present naturalised
Goldfields present naturalised
Central Victorian Uplands present naturalised
Greater Grampians present naturalised
Dundas Tablelands present naturalised
Northern Inland Slopes present naturalised

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
Northern Territory
South Australia
New South Wales