Caladenia montana G.W.Carr

Indig. Flora & Fauna Assoc. Misc. Pap. 1: 10 (1991) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Native

Flowering plant 10–25 cm tall. Leaf 8–12 cm long, 8–12 mm wide. Flower solitary; perianth segments 2.5–4(–6) cm long, greenish cream to yellowish, sometimes with red median stripe; sepals 3–4 mm wide at base, tapered to filiform, narrowly clubbed tails, club 8–15 mm long, with dark-coloured, sessile glands which are mostly tightly packed and contiguous; lateral sepals divergent, spreading to deflexed; petals spreading to deflexed, shorter than sepals, flattened at base, tapered to long acuminate apex, sometimes with small, glandular, clubbed section shortly below tip. Labellum curved forward with apex recurved and lateral lobes curved upwards, lamina ovate, obscurely 3-lobed, 10–12 mm long and 7–9 mm wide (when flattened), glossy red distally and along centre to base, proximal flanks pale yellowish-green; lateral lobes entire around curved base, then with marginal calli linear to triangular, mostly to 1 mm long (sometimes much smaller, rarely to 1.5 mm), diminishing in size towards entire or slightly irregular mid-lobe; lamina calli in 4 or 6 rows, not reaching the bend, linear or foot-shaped, to 1.5 mm long at base of lamina, decreasing in size towards apex. Flowers Nov.–Jan.

EGL, EGU, HNF, HSF, MonT, NIS, SnM, VAlp. Also NSW, ACT. Localised to higher montane areas of eastern Victoria where it grows among shrubs on slopes and ridges in woodland on well-drained soils.

Caladenia montana is similar to, and could be confused with, a few other eastern species; see C. oreophila, C. peisleyi, C. osmera and C. australis. It is also difficult to distinguish from the NSW species C. fitzgeraldii. A form, rarely collected, from the Buchan-Orbost area differs from typical C. montana in having larger perianth segments (lateral sepals 4–6 cm long), more numerous (ca. 15 or more pairs) and longer linear teeth on the lateral lobes of the labellum. Should further collections of this form be made and should these distinctions appear to be diagnostic, it may warrant formal recognition. Flowers of both this form and typical C. montana are noted to emit an odour reminiscent of burning plastic in warm weather.

When the marginal calli of the labellum are particularly small and blunt, C. montana resembles C. clavigera, but differs from that species in having thicker and longer clubs, and a broader labellum with narrower lamina calli. Caladenia montana is known to hybridize with C. clavigera.

Source: Entwisle, T.J. (1994). Orchidaceae. In: Walsh, N.G.; Entwisle, T.J. (eds), Flora of Victoria Vol. 2, Ferns and Allied Plants, Conifers and Monocotyledons. Inkata Press, Melbourne (as Caladenia fitzgeraldii Rupp).
Updated by: Neville Walsh, 2019-05-16
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Orchidaceae
genus Caladenia
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Caladenia montana in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Caladenia montana in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Northern Inland Slopes present native
East Gippsland Lowlands present native
East Gippsland Uplands present native
Highlands-Southern Fall present native
Highlands-Northern Fall present native
Monaro Tablelands present native
Victorian Alps present native
Snowy Mountains present native

State distribution

Distribution map
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory