Gladiolus carneus D.Delaroche

Descr. Pl. Aliq. Nov. no. 3 t.4 (1766) APNI

Taxonomic status:Accepted

Occurrence status:Present

Establishment means:Sparingly established

Corm with outer layers papery to fibrous. Stem usually unbranched, with 1 or 2 sheathing leaves. Basal leaves 2–4, linear to ensiform, 0.6–2.0 cm wide, flat, with several prominent veins. Inflorescence with flowers distichous, 3–7-flowered. Flowers funnel-shaped to bilabiate, white to pink or pale purple. Perianth tube 3–4 cm long, widened at mouth, curved; lobes spreading, apex and margins undulate, unequal; adaxial lobe hood-shaped; lateral lobes subequal to adaxial lobe; abaxial 3 lobes smaller, often with a red-purple central mark. Anthers  7–12 mm long. Style branches exceeding anthers.

*GipP, *OtP. Native to the Cape Peninsula, South Africa, naturalised in Victoria, occurring on roadsides in the Port Phillip region.

Gladiolus carneus can be quite variable, and is sometimes difficult to distinguish from G. undulatus. These two species are principally distinguished by the shape of perianth lobes, those of G. undulatus are subequal, ovate to lanceolate with an acuminate apex, while the lobes of G. carneus are ovate with acute tips, the ‘upper’ lobes larger than the lower three lobes.   

Created by: Andre Messina, 2014-10-28
Distribution map
life Life
kingdom Plantae
phylum Tracheophyta
superorder Lilianae
order Asparagales
family Iridaceae
genus Gladiolus
Higher taxa


Source: AVH (2014). Australia's Virtual Herbarium, Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, <>. Find Gladiolus carneus in AVH ; Victorian Biodiversity Atlas, © The State of Victoria, Department of Environment and Primary Industries (published Dec. 2014) Find Gladiolus carneus in Victorian Biodiversity Atlas
  Bioregion Occurrence status Establishment means
Gippsland Plain present introduced
Otway Plain present introduced

State distribution

Distribution map
Western Australia
South Australia
New South Wales
Australian Capital Territory